dismantling india\'s e-waste: potential for green jobs?
Technical call center
A wire is not very well known.
Electronic waste recycling site.
India 0. 3 billion
The powerful middle class is buying more and more electronic products;
Television is no longer a novelty, and computers are no longer the children\'s favorite.
Mobile phones break the barriers of the middle class and are moving towards an incredible 0. 5 billion sales target, infiltrating into the poorest areas and generating a complete subsidiary
Zero-cost no-answer culture.
But when all these electronic devices are alive, where will it end?
Typically, in many small recycling businesses in India.
Most of these businesses are unlicensed and run by other middle classes.
Poor people who are above or below the poverty line alone.
These recyclers use their bare hands and the most basic equipment to train themselves to take the desktop computer apart in less than 5 minutes.
Where they work, the motherboard is placed in a green pile, and the glass display is placed in an unstable hill.
Almost 80% of what is taken apart will be reused as part of other devices.
In India, this dismantling is the first step in the recycling of electronic waste.
At least 50,000 tons of this rubbish came from other countries and was ruthlessly dumped in India.
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He pointed out the imported waste and the waste movers showed me around his residence.
Big global brands are like surreal ads in these piles.
Surprisingly, it is not difficult to see the demolition workshop. Delhi-
The capital of India, with a population of 16 million, is one of India\'s largest recycling centers and employs nearly 25000 people.
There are similar cottage industries in Mumbai and Bangalore.
E-commerce was not placed in an industrial zone like a call center, but rather in a smooth building
In residential areas, waste factories are divided into thousands of small sites.
The scale is amazing.
India is estimated to have produced at least 383979 metric tons of e-mail. waste in 2007.
It will climb above 400,000 tons by 2011.
If it all ends with demolition, the operation will not really be a concern.
But it is common and toxic to recycle precious metals from old printed circuit boards and motherboards.
Two years ago, when I first learned about the problem, the price of copper was still high.
In the suburbs of Delhi, my colleagues from China and I
The profit I have worked with will be directed to the crude copper mining unit.
Young boys and poor women dip the mother board into dilute acid, wash the strips, burn the board and take the copper with their hands.
Among the many units we visited, the process was the same and very pungent.
Scientists warn of dioxin and heavy metals in such factories.
The owners we meet will be active participants and they will curse even if they breathe acid smoke.
We met other recyclers.
Those who extract a small amount of gold through the contaminated alchemy process force them to use cyanide.
The gold weight of a single desktop is not more than 250 parts per million, and the calculator contains only 50 parts per million.
The production of this crude oil processing does not exceed 20% of this tiny amount and is toxic to workers.
\"I know it\'s really toxic,\" one of them told us in the movie.
\"I know it might kill me.
But how should I feed my child?
\"What can we do about this mess?
Just a year ago, with the help of GTZ
AZEM, Germany\'s bilateral agency for sustainable development in India, we have helped to establish a relocation Association.
Their dream is to be able to work legally and earn legally.
As I write this, they are trying to build a safe, legal demolition plant in Delhi.
If they succeed, it will be the first in the capital.
It\'s exciting, but it\'s not enough.
Surprisingly, the Indian government is also doing something unusual. -
It sets reasonable new rules in a transparent way.
These rules make it mandatory for anyone who will eventually become an electronic product.
Responsible for the final collection and recycling of waste.
Once it takes effect, it will also apply to all the large manufacturers we know globally.
Such rules have greatly changed the game.
Usually, manufacturers shudder in such a state
But for them, this is also a historic opportunity to clean up the top. tech toxics.
At the heart of this change is the establishment of strategic partnerships.
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Waste is the weakest and most important link.
If informal systems continue, they will always be cheaper than any formal system and the rules will be difficult to implement.
The trick is to work with today\'s informal workers-
Now the guy who took our old phone apart
They can be organized, registered and helped to get into a safe workplace.
Through cooperation with existing collectors and relocated persons-
For example, those who came together created 4-
In the developing world, manufacturers can innovate to reshape the concept of extension of producer responsibility.
They can make sure they are part of the solution.
In fact, the rules would be reduced to so many documents without their participation.
In addition, the Indian government has planned to provide financial assistance to recyclers so that they can stop their workplaces from being filled with spicy acidic smoke.
In India, about 0. 8 billion people earn less than $2 a day, and the miserable plight of the gold rush is true.
That\'s why cleaning up the poison from middle-class debris is a daily task for the poor in thousands of cities.
Happily, the proposed rules and some of them may be changed by large manufacturers.
Their actions and innovations will ultimately ensure e-commerce.
The real green job is to use the garbage handler.