will you pick up the tab?
Not only did Island Press adopt a multi-disciplinary approach to key environmental issues, but it was also a non-profit organizationmaking concern.
So what does it produce?
With David Wan\'s deep design, the title of the book properly describes the interest in it-or its charm.
The design here is used in an integrated process involving more than two variables or disciplines.
Wann extends the meaning of design to the limits, but in doing so he introduces the concept that our lives are influenced by design at all levels --
The process from art to thought itself.
From politicians, architects and engineers to environmental activists and local activists, ecological and environmental issues have become an important agenda for interest groups.
As a result, one of the key measures accepted by all parties to design decisions is environmental impact.
But we have difficulties here.
How can we assess environmental impacts in a way that everyone can understand?
How do we decide if a protection project is feasible?
The concept upon which such a decision is made is valuable.
Now, expressing value purely from an economic or monetary point of view, as a tool to assess environmental issues, it fails miserably.
What do you think of today\'s damage to the environment of future generations?
In the past, financial lobby groups were easy to pick out from environmental lobby groups because their attitude towards costs was not rigorous enough to be vague thinkers at best, and the worst was scammers.
There have been many attempts to create a satisfactory cost
Taking into account the benefit analysis of the cost of decision-making in the next few generations, all failed.
We accept established engineering and scientific procedures such as life.
Cycle Cost calculation, but even these are difficult to implement because of the basic principles behind this method (
This is usually \"pay now, save later \")
In this difficult business world, everyone is deaf.
It\'s not easy to convince people to invest now and get a return later, even in a clear casecut issues.
Unfortunately, there are many environmental processes that we cannot begin to quantify in an easy-to-understand way.
Some design decisions may even have negative value, which increases costs in the first place.
For example, if we use a simple measurement method such as fuel cost as input to determine the value of the project, it may look more expensive, because fuel costs should include the financial impact of using fuel in a wider world.
What is needed is a mechanism to assess these broader impacts in a way that is consistent for everyone.
This is a task that is easier to describe than implementation.
Although Wann did not solve this particular problem in quantity, he did so in a qualitative way.
Deep design is a simple and powerful concept that gives value to environmental problems;
This is a combination of nature and culture, if you like.
The power of this idea is that it can contain form and invisible things in the same philosophy.
Wann makes cost a cruel reality
While sustainability and aesthetics, efficiency is also easy.
In recognizing the flaws of our value system, deep design allows to explore a wider range of issues within the overall framework.
It\'s opposite, shallow design, limited to its own shortSemester goals.
In the discussion about the environment, it is intuitive to use this concept because the environment itself tends to be long term.
After attracting readers with the tempting concept of ecological processes, design and value, Wann suggests how to apply it in the real world?
According to his own admission, deep design is more about thinking than doing, and I find it\'s not worse than that.
In fact, it can be successfully argued that the way we think about these issues needs to be positively changed before the material world makes real progress.
For this reason alone, I find that deep design is a welcome addition to the library.
Where Wann did give us some examples and applications of theory, he covered them well, though, to be fair, they did not capture the imagination as his philosophical arguments did.
They are very ordinary, very small.
Projects of scale, although interesting to themselves, are often frustrating because of their small size.
Maybe the spectrum is too wide.
Everything from agriculture to renewable energy is a daunting task, and although he provides us with a wealth of information, Wann actually only slides on the surface.
Personal computers are one of the more successful examples.
By 2005, more than 0. 15 billion computers and workstations will be sent to landfill sites.
This number is overwhelming, but it does remind you of the future disposal of objects that are at the forefront of technology today.
Then, to better measure, he introduces the simple fact that semiconductors and printed circuit boards contain metals such as lead and chromium, and that the salt of these metals will penetrate into the ground over time
Of course, as Wann reminds us, the manufacture of semiconductors also produces a large amount of liquid and gas waste.
In isolation, these are just interesting pieces, but they are very convincing to accumulate.
Sustainable Development or the need for sustainable development is the basis of Wann\'s entire thinking.
This example of mass burial of PCs is more of a call for recycling than a dispute over cleaning up the manufacturing process.
But, as in the past, the author is more concerned with asking questions than answering them.
When the details of individual cases migrate to the dead water of the brain, the basic information of Wann is still that we must change for better design and values.
However, if you want a more practical paper, turn to eco-design.
It may look similar, but this similarity ends with a content page.
Because when Wann explores design as a process, Sim van der Ryn and Stuart Cowan study design in the context of construction and planning.
Van der Ryn is an architect and Cowan is a mathematician, but overall there is more architectural feel for the presentation and style.
This book is full of a sense of ecological gospel.
This is not a bad thing in itself, but it is less easy here than in deep design, where the power of the idea as a process carries everything in front of it.
Examples and references of ecological design are their advantages.
Adapting to the local climate is the key to the success of ecological architecture design.
A good example of this approach is the Batterson building in Sacramento, designed by a California architect, with a clear goal of reducing energy consumption by 75.
The study of the local climate highlights a phenomenon that will play an important role in architectural design.
Summer in Sacramento is very hot-for a week or more, it is not uncommon for the daytime temperature to average 40 °c.
But at night, temperatures dropped to 14 degrees Celsius as cold air spread from San Francisco Bay to the Sacramento River.
This unusually large temperature change day and night has become the driving force of innovative design.
Instead of cooling buildings with traditional refrigeration machines containing large amounts of ozone
With the consumption of chemicals, climate will play a useful role.
The square is surrounded by a central atrium with hundreds of tons of rock underneath it.
In the hot summer, the heat of the building is absorbed by the heat of the rock.
In the evening, large fans flush stored heat into the cool night air.
This huge thermal capacitor effectively relieves the extremes of the outdoor climate and provides a habitable office for people.
You can argue that there is nothing new to this, but it will be missing.
Importantly, the application of these principles in large modern buildings
Things that are often talked about are rarely done.
But I\'m still waiting for a book that combines deep design principles, reasonable practice examples, and resource reference guides-it\'s really one thing now.