What is a high frequency board? The parameters of the high frequency circuit board is what

by:Rocket PCB     2020-07-09
What is the high-frequency plate high-frequency circuit board is special circuit board of electromagnetic frequency, in general, high frequency may be defined as the frequency above 1 GHZ. Its physical performance, precision, technical parameters requirement is very high, often used in car collision system, satellite system, radio system, etc. High prices, usually price per square centimeter in 1. 8 the left and right sides, about 1 / square meter. 80000 yuan. High frequency board PCB features 1, cannot wear plate, before making resistance welding or adhesion will is very poor, can only use the micro erosion potions coarsening. 2, high frequency board PCB is special circuit of electromagnetic frequency, generally high frequency may be defined as the frequency above 1 GHZ. 3, the impedance of the circuit board control is strict, high frequency board relatively line width control is very strict, the general tolerance is about two percent. 4, high frequency board PCB plank are mostly of ptfe material, using ordinary milling cutter shape there will be a lot of burrs, need special milling cutter. 5, due to high frequency plate plate special, so the PTH adhesion of copper is not high, usually need to use plasma processing equipment such as first right hole and surface roughening treatment, in order to increase the PTH hole copper and solder resist ink adhesion. Eight high-frequency PCB its physical performance, precision, each technical parameter requirements is very high, often used in car collision system, satellite system, radio system, etc. Parsing the high-frequency board PCB parameters of high frequency change is the development trend of electronic equipment, especially in the development of the wireless network, satellite communications, information products to the high speed and high frequency, fast and communications products to the large capacity of the wireless transmission of voice, video and data standardization. So the development of a new generation of products all need the high frequency substrate, satellite receiving system, mobile phone base station communication products must be applied high frequency circuit boards, inevitably in the next few years, the rapid development of the high frequency substrate will be in great demand. (1) the high frequency circuit board base material, lower water imbibition water imbibition gao will cause the dielectric constant and dielectric loss when be affected with damp be affected with damp. (2) the high frequency circuit board base material and the thermal expansion coefficient of copper foil must be consistent, if inconsistent can cause separation of copper foil in the process of cold. (3) the high frequency circuit board base material dielectric constant ( Dk) Must be small and stable, generally it is as small as possible and signal transfer rate and the material is inversely proportional to the square root of the dielectric constant, high dielectric constant is likely to cause signal transmission delay. (4) high frequency PCB substrate material dielectric loss ( Df) Must be small, the main influence to the quality of signal transmission, the smaller the dielectric loss has the less loss of signal. (5) other high-frequency PCB substrate material heat resistance, chemical resistance, impact strength and peel strength also must be good. Generally speaking, the high frequency may be defined as the frequency above 1 GHZ. More use of high frequency circuit board base material is currently fluorine si dielectric substrate, such as teflon ( PTFE) , known as teflon at ordinary times, often used in more than 5 GHZ. In addition to using FR - 4 or PPO base material and can be used for 1 GHZ ~ 10 GHZ products. At present the use of epoxy resin, resin PPO and fluorine resin, these three categories of high frequency printed circuit board substrate material, epoxy resin cost is the cheapest, the most expensive; while the fluorine resin In dielectric constant, dielectric loss, water absorption and frequency property, fluorine resin best, epoxy resin is poorer. When the product application frequency is higher than 10 GHZ, can only apply department of fluorine resin, PCB. Obvious, fluorine resin high frequency substrate performance is much higher than other substrates, but its shortcoming is in addition to the high cost of poor rigidity, and thermal expansion coefficient is larger. For ptfe ( PTFE) , in order to improve the performance with a large amount of inorganic matter ( Such as silica SiO2) Or glass fabric reinforced filler material, to improve the substrate rigidity and reduce its thermal expansion. Another because of molecular inert ptfe resin itself, cause it's not easy to combine with copper foil sex difference, thus more special surface treatment should be combined with copper foil surface. Have ptfe surface treatment methods for chemical etching or plasma etching, increasing the surface roughness or increase a layer between copper foil and ptfe resin adhesive film increase bonding force, but may have influence on dielectric performance, the development of the whole fluorine series high frequency board substrate, there needs to be raw material suppliers, research units, equipment suppliers, manufacturers of PCB manufacturers and communications products such as all-round cooperation, in order to keep up with the high frequency circuit board the needs of the rapid development of this field.
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