can india make the transition to electric vehicles?
5 lakh for electric car buyers with a budget of 2019-2020.
She also said the tax on goods and services for electric vehicles would fall to 5%.
Can India turn to electric vehicles smoothly? G.
Ananthakrishnan discussed these options with Ashok Jhunjhunwala, IIT Madras and Tarun Mehta, professor of electrical engineering
Founder and CEO of Ather Energy.
Conversation Edit excerpt: What do you think is the impact of the budget announcement for electric vehicle purchase tax cuts?
Ashok Jhunjhunwala: Electric vehicles are very important to the country.
I think this is the first clear statement made by the Indian government in this regard.
Some companies have been resisting this change, but it will happen no matter how much you resist.
This is a matter of time.
But by slowing downthe transition]
India will be hurt and technically dependent on outsiders.
The budget makes it clear that the government will go all out and it is better for companies to be prepared and use it.
It gave a specific break at the beginning, but in the end even without any subsidies or concessions, India had to win with an electric car.
Now is the time for the automotive industry, researchers, and everyone who is committed to developing the next generation of products to make up their minds, that is, electric vehicles.
How to promote the development of electric vehicles in India?
| Hindu Parley podcastTarun Mehta: tax incentives are positive as a budget announcement, but GST is a bigger benefit in terms of numbers.
From the perspective of market shaping, encouraging EMI to buy electric vehicles has a great impact.
There are two things.
Nowadays, there are not many financing options for electric vehicles in the market.
The government has ensured [by encouraging EMI purchases [for]
Every customer who wants to join them, the bank and NBFCs will be interested in creating related products.
The second advantage is that more financing options are needed for electric vehicles.
Because you want to remove the pre-sticker impact from the battery, motor, etc.
Many customers today may not consider financing options and are therefore discouraged by upfront prices.
Incentives allow customers to do math with financing in mind, which makes them realize that overall cost of ownership is much better for electric vehicles.
What is India\'s position on the global stage of electric two-in-one? wheelers?
We just started.
To be frank, we are not standing far.
But there is nothing in this technology that we can\'t do ourselves.
We have already started making batteries.
I see the motor controller in many places in the final stages of design and development.
We can do the rest: Body, tires.
There can be some improvements, of course.
In the next year or two, a huge push [
This is India. It\'s not just flat.
With other countries]
But it will start to lead in technology.
The key question for me is whether we import everything from China or we make it ourselves.
If our industry is not affected and jobs are not lost, there will be great jobs in the automotive industry.
If the traditional internal combustion engine (ICE)-
We will face a great crisis. Many people will lose their jobs.
The only way they continue to have jobs or increase the number of jobs is to start making every subsidiary
Electric vehicle system.
We must beat China in terms of performance and price.
This needs to be done in the next few years.
This is the battery engineering and electric vehicle center of IIT-
Madras has been working for four years.
In fact, it has done a lot to convince India that yes, we can do it ourselves.
There are a number of companies that Hatch to work closely together to complete these tasks. Two-
The wheels will begin to expand within a year.
You will see a lot this year and it will really scale up next year.
In the next two years, it will begin to phase out ice trucks.
Electric vehicles: there are only a few small players in the plan to turn to electric vehicles.
A lot of small players and some big players have to go all out. fledged way.
Customers don\'t want only a single type of vehicle ,[They must be
In different sizes, different power, battery size.
These will be achieved in the next two years.
China is a very interesting place.
India is far behind in terms of quantity.
India, however, has two much stronger
Very powerful ecosystem of assembly and parts manufacturing.
Two parts manufacturing in India
Tricycles are more price competitive compared to China, which is a very rare thing.
There are no credible participants in China.
The market is very large, but there are no credible participants, and there is very little real research and development for electric two-in-one. wheelers.
Many commodity parts are being manufactured there.
In India, the local market and large enterprises can build a strong R & D base, use our local needs to create economies of scale, a strong supplier base, and play a leading role in two aspects
Wheeler electric worldwide.
Do we have a time frame for doing this?
The two biggest-
Wheeler original equipment manufacturer (OEM)
Today\'s players have 10 to 20 k of deployed capital, and the electrified process requires only a small part of it.
Indian industry can invest and our suppliers can transform.
We will create more jobs, high-quality jobs.
From assembling mechanical components to manufacturing pcb [
Printed circuit board
Assemble the electronic board and bring the battery manufacturing to India.
Do we have enough battery capacity to meet the growing demand?
AJ: four or five years ago, we didn\'t make any progress in battery manufacturing.
I went to labs in China and the United States. S. and Germany.
The Germans are the best so far.
But in the last 4 to 5 years, we have started to produce the same good battery pack as made in Germany, probably better.
This is through start-ups.
We have a start. up at IIT-
Madras, green technology, we have some manufacturers to join in.
With the development of electric vehicles, batteries will be produced in India.
There are three parts in battery production.
One is the development of the battery pack, and we will do it right away.
The second is battery manufacturing.
In this regard, some companies have established cell manufacturing units in India as joint ventures.
It takes two or three years to start cell manufacturing.
Third, raw materials.
Lithium, cobalt, manganese, nickel-
For this we need to recycle the old batteries.
Even lithium-ion batteries.
We threw away 0. 3 billion cell phone batteries.
We can expect [if we recycle and extract [to recover]
Lithium, cobalt, manganese, nickel and graphite of 90%.
Some small companies own the technology.
Battery technology will continue to grow.
There is no problem with restrictions.
The cost will drop as better technologies begin to emerge, which gives us a higher energy density.
More energy per kilogram of material.
Work on this will continue for at least the next 10 years.
Hyundai launched Kona Electric in India for £ 25.
30 lakhTM: The capability must be installed.
All of us who make battery packs are now in the process of quickly installing more capacity.
We don\'t have a battery supply in India today, but in the global supply chain, the battery supply is very abundant.
This is what we must use to make battery packs.
As our production increases, battery manufacturing will come to India when we start to exceed a few gigawatts in capacity.
From a policy perspective, what will drive the adoption and use of electric vehicles?
AJ: basically, the government must consider phasing out [ICE vehicles].
For example, the extent of our pollution, we can not continue to live in this pollution.
We are importing all the oil.
We cannot continue to import these oil.
One city after another may say, no more ice
Three or three rounds
Start with this date.
This is what China is doing.
We must move in this direction.
Enough time must be given to change.
The budget inspires the demand side.
We need to develop some policies around the supply side and infrastructure.
We need to motivate the battery pack and make the battery.
Rebate on building battery plant capacity and manufacturing battery packs in India in the next 18 years
Will be helpful in 24 months
In terms of infrastructure, the government can request that there be charging points at each parking location.
We don\'t need the charging hardware that the original equipment manufacturer and other companies can bring, we just need to access the power outlet. There are in-
Such as the part between electric bicycles.
Will they become more popular? TM: Micro-
Mobile is an emerging field.
I\'m not sure what looks right there --
Electric bikes or electric stick scooters or other smaller versions of bikes.
But I\'m really Micro
Mobility in 1 km types of travel will find fun solutions beyond scooters and bikes in the next five years.
AJ: let manufacturers find customers and let them look for them if they like.
We should make minimum rules.
What is the EU legal model for car companies to limit total product emissions to stimulate the growth of electric vehicles?
All this should be done. Step by step.
Don\'t give too much impact.
The auto industry is already very nervous.
Communicate to them that this will happen, give them time to let it happen. For three-
Two and Two Wheelers
They have suggested [a shift by]2023 and 2025 [respectively]
100% electric new car.
This is a very nice window.
At the right time, we can define this for the car.
TM: it makes sense for places like India.
However, places like Europe and the United StatesS.
We have been implementing such policies for nearly a decade, but we will not have 20 years to implement them.
Should taxes on traditional fuels work?
AJ: Finally, at some point in time, the traditional fuel car has to move away.
I am open to the time frame and we should discuss with the automotive industry to find out what is feasible.
At the same time, support electric cars as much as possible so that they can be a common thing.
TM: you can use the capital created by the United Nations, and you can also tax contaminated vehicles to generate balances and finance cleaner traffic.
We don\'t have time to wait for something to be done.
We should do what we can.
To fund factories and subsidize lithium batteries, power infrastructure, cars and user behavior.