An Introduction to MMICs

by:Rocket PCB     2019-08-26
What is MMIC?There are three main circuit technologies for manufacturing RF components: discrete, hybrid and MMIC.MMIC represents a monolithic microwave integrated circuit.MMIC cannot be confused with a microphone or microwave integrated circuit.
In the microphone, the active and passive components are connected to the outside of the circuit.In mmic, they are part of the circuit board and also the inside of the chip.Through careful control of the feedback network, MMIC can be designed for specific input and output impedance.
Therefore, most mmi are designed to have an input of 50 ohms and an output of 50 ohms in a very wide frequency range.This eliminates external impedance matching components, resulting in very simple circuits with very wide bandwidth.Mmic is essentially a complete microwave RF circuit on the chip.
The MMIC can be made of transistors or transistors for making amplifiers or transistors to make switches or entire circuits.You can find mmic for microwave and millimeter wave applications.Mmic usually covers the microwave frequency range from near audio frequency to 10 GHz.
What is the most common type of Mmic?What are some of the main uses of Mmic?The early mmic was used as a pin switch.More than the first oneThe octaave switch on MMIC was developed in 1987.MMIC switches are often used in microwave radio and microwave instrument and meter applications.
They have low insertion loss and high isolation for a given frequency range.The first mmic t/R or transmitter and receiver module was developed in 1981;This is more than oneChip components, while 1984 sees T/R modules integrated on a single MMIC.The multiplier produces a signal output where the frequency is a multiple or harmonic of the input frequency.
The MMIC multiplier has a lower conversion loss and covers a wide range of frequencies.The first low-power amplifier MMIC was born in 1974.A traveling-A wave MMIC amplifier was developed in 1981.
Mmic is often used for broadband amplifiers with frequencies up to several thousand Hz.The frequency range depends on the chip used.They can be used for power amplification or low noise amplification.
Since the cascade mmic does not require an external impedance matching network, they are the first choice for this application.Another benefit of the MMIC amplifiers is that they do not need to be tuned to the circuit and are usually unconditional stable.The MMIC amplifier can be assembled in the kit to create a very low noise amplifier for EME and radio astronomy.
A very low noise amplifier assembled from mmic for receiving signals from 50 MHz to more than 6000 MHz.The MMIC attenuation is almost the opposite of the amplifier.The attenuation reduces the signal power without changing the signal waveform.
Mmic has been used for oscillator and microwave signal mixer since 1970.The MMIC mixer for microwave instruments and communication has a wide frequency range and low conversion loss.MMIC frequency divider and frequency divider are used for high frequency communication, electronic warfare radar systems and microwave instruments.
The mmic in these applications provides large input power sensitivity and low phase noise.MMIC frequency divider is used in the car anti-collision system.In the medium term, they are used in mobile phones2000s.
Since mmic covers such a large frequency range, it is now used in software-defined radios.The 144 MHz MMIC converter can be used to drive the SFP band signal from your high frequency band or SDR.The hemt CUCs was developed to provide very low noise numbers for MMIC receiver applications;Later, the pseudo-high electron migration transistor (pHEMT) created a very efficient power MMIC amplifier.
The compact printed circuit board assembly process means that the MMIC chip can replace the entire amplifier stage made of several discrete components.At the beginning of 2000, when the AAS mmic began to be commercially available at low cost, they began to be used for TV and cable TV tuners.This accounted for about half of what they used in 2005.
At about this time, the mmic began to be used for direct broadcasting of satellite (DBS) receivers.Please note that military radar and satellite communications are the original intended use of mmic.A major drawback of the Mmic is the traditional use of semiconductor manufacturing, which increases the cost.
Prices have fallen over the years.
The MMIC package can be sealed with a base and side wall to prevent damage caused by moisture or corrosion.When necessary, the price of each component will rise.Fortunately, not all applications need to encapsulate MMIC, they are very cheap in this case.
Mmic provides a simple circuit for amateurs with good gain, low noise and low cost.There are more than 100 different mmi from various companies, and most RF applications have one part
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